28 Aug 2021

Quantitative vs qualitative methods

A popular question I get from many students related to research methodology is whether quantitative methods are better than qualitative ones. This is an ongoing debate and there seems to be a lot of confusion. Here is my opinion. 

First of all, we must understand that the philosophies behind the two approaches are quite different. It is essential to understand the ontological (i.e. the study of being or existence) and epistemological (i.e. study of the way knowledge is obtained) orientation within one’s personal paradigm. That should be the first step.

Most quantitative research follows a Positivist paradigm, where the data collected is believed to be the true measure of reality or representative of the population and aims to produce findings that are generalisable. This contrasts with interpretivism, which mostly applies to the isolated incidents.

According to the hypothetico-deductive methodology, scientific inquiry proceeds by formulating a hypothesis in a form that could be falsified by a test on observable data. However, if you got the hypothesis wrong in the first place, the results will be wrong as well. In other words, "Rubbish in, rubbish out".

In my own field, Marketing, my observation is that currently, the positivist paradigm seems to dominate with most papers published in the top marketing journals following a quantitative methodology. Taking a closer look, research on more traditional issues in consumer behaviour, such as purchase decision making, persuasion, regret and affect, are positivist. While on the other hand, several modern consumer research often uses interpretivist methods that focus on particular consumption experiences and angles of consumer behaviour - sometimes giving totally new insights which might not be possible using a quantitative approach.

As many studies have indicated, the claims of universalism and generalizability used by Positivists can be criticised. For example, no two people are the same - even twins are different in many ways. It can be argued that rich insights into this complex world are lost if such complexity is reduced to a series of law-like generalisations. Sometimes when we do so, we miss the big picture.

In other words, using a quantitative approach is just one way of looking at a problem and may not always give accurate results. In my personal opinion, qualitative methods are not superior to quantitative approaches and vice versa. They may be actually complementary and it is the reason that mixed methods are increasingly becoming popular. 


Note: This is the slightly modified version of my answer which was first posted on Quora. 

26 Jun 2021

CABS Academic Journal Guide 2021

 The CABS Academic Journal Guide 2021 has just come out.


So what is different? Are there any changes from the AJG 2018?

The answer is "No! Not much". 

All the 4*, 4, 3 and 2 ranked journals are the same, unlike the last revision. The only changes in this new list are some journals that have entered the list as 1 ranked journals.


The new journals are:

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics

International Journal of Technology Marketing

Journal of Current Issues and Research in Advertising

Journal of Global Fashion Marketing

Journal of Interactive Advertising

Journal of Marketing Analytics and

Recherche et Applications en Marketing


Here is the "New" list:

4* Journals

Journal of Consumer Research

Journal of Marketing

Journal of Marketing Research

Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science

Marketing Science

4 Journals

International Journal of Research in Marketing

Journal of Retailing

3 Journals

Journal of Consumer Research

Journal of Marketing

Journal of Marketing Research

Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science

Marketing Science

International Journal of Research in Marketing

Journal of Retailing

European Journal of Marketing

Industrial Marketing Management

International Marketing Review

Journal of Advertising

Journal of Advertising Research

Journal of Interactive Marketing

Journal of International Marketing

Journal of Public Policy and Marketing

Marketing Letters

Marketing Theory

Psychology and Marketing

Quantitative Marketing and Economics

2 Journals

Academy of Marketing Science Review

Advances in Consumer Research

Consumption Markets and Culture

Electronic Markets

International Journal of Advertising

International Journal of Consumer Studies

International Journal of Market Research

International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management

Journal of Brand Management

Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing

Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing

Journal of Consumer Affairs

Journal of Consumer Behaviour

Journal of Macromarketing

Journal of Marketing Management

Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice

Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management

Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services

Journal of Services Marketing

Journal of Strategic Marketing

Qualitative Market Research

1 Journals

Advances in International Marketing

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics

Australasian Marketing Journal

Corporate Communications

Corporate Reputation Review

Health Marketing Quarterly

International Journal of Bank Marketing

International Journal of Internet Marketing and Advertising

International Journal of Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Marketing

International Journal of Technology Marketing

International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research

International Review on Public and Non-Profit Marketing

Journal of Communication Management

Journal of Consumer Marketing

Journal of Current Issues and Research in Advertising

Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management

Journal of Financial Services Marketing

Journal of Global Fashion Marketing

Journal of Global Marketing

Journal of Interactive Advertising

Journal of Marketing Analytics

Journal of Marketing Channels

Journal of Marketing Communications

Journal of Marketing for Higher Education

Journal of Non-Profit and Public Sector Marketing

Journal of Product and Brand Management

Journal of Relationship Marketing

Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing

Journal of Social Marketing

Marketing Intelligence and Planning

Recherche et Applications en Marketing

Review of Marketing Science

Services Marketing Quarterly

Social Marketing Quarterly

Young Consumers


Access the whole list here https://charteredabs.org/academic-journal-guide-2021-view/

Quantitative vs qualitative methods

A popular question I get from many students related to research methodology is whether quantitative methods are better than qualitative ones...